Job Title: FINAL EVALUATION STUDY OF ECONOMIC RECOVERY PROJECT IN KACHIN AND NORTHERN SHAN STATES, MYANMAR
1. Context and Background
1.1 Introduction to Danish Refugee council
DRC has been working in Myanmar since 2009 and has 384 national and 25 international staff across Shan, Kachin, Rakhine, with a country office in Yangon. DRC operates under a MoU with the Ministry of Social Welfare’s Department for Disaster Management (DDM) and Department of Social Welfare (DSW). DRC’s sectoral focus is protection (general, child, gender-based violence), livelihoods, camp coordination and camp management (CCCM), and humanitarian mine action. DRC generally implements directly and through remote modalities when access does not allow, however we have adopted a protection localization strategy, which we will continue to move forward under this intervention, as part of our overall strategy of strengthening community capacities and resilience.
1.2 Project Implementation Context
Since the breakdown of the ceasefire in 2011, Kachin and Northern Shan (NSS) States have seen increasing conflict and displacement. Humanitarian needs in Myanmar continue to be characterized by a complex combination of vulnerability to food insecurity, armed conflict, inter-communal tensions, natural disasters, protracted displacement, human trafficking and risky migration. While this situation remains complicated and fluid, there are indicators that displaced populations are facing increased pressure to return to their place of origin or resettle – and that this is likely to increase in the coming period.
In Norther Shan State (NSS), there has been increased fighting in NSS since 2018 which has resulted in civilian casualties and additional displacement in several conflict-affected townships. Temporary displacement followed by return to areas of origin once the fighting subsides continues to be a key characteristic of displacement, which presents challenges in humanitarian planning, response, and monitoring of the protection risks faced by returnees.
On 1 February 2021, the Myanmar Tatmadaw detained civilian leaders, declared a state of emergency, and announced that it was taking control of the country for one year. In Kachin and Northern Shan, fighting and armed clashes between the Myanmar Armed Forced and Ethnic Armed Groups (EAOs) and between EAOs have seen a dramatic increase, impacting on people’s safety, well-being, and livelihoods. A total of 11,650 people has been displaced in Kachin since March 2021, and 15,759 people have been displaced in Northern Shan. Humanitarian needs are growing rapidly across the two States, with safety access to services being major concerns for affected communities.
While small-scale voluntary and forced (pressured) returns are ongoing, there remain significant protection concerns for safe and dignified return including that many areas of return are not safe due to landmine contamination or ongoing conflict. This severely hinders the delivery of humanitarian response in the affected areas and has a detrimental effect on socio-economic recovery. There is also limited access to basic services and economic opportunities, and many displaced do not have access to land due to ongoing “land grabbing” and the recent Virgin, Fallow and Vacant land law which dispossessed many vulnerable individuals, especially those currently in IDP camps.
Within this environment, it is critical that humanitarian actors provide support to the most vulnerable populations within Kachin and NSS to ensure that their food security needs are met – and they are able to transition to self-reliance. The most vulnerable displaced populations in these States are reliant on assistance to meet their food needs. With support from USAID/BHA, DRC/DDG responded to identified key gaps with an aim of meeting sustainable, food security needs for the most vulnerable populations in Kachin and NSS.
2. Project Goals, Purposes and Sub Proposes
Goal: To improve the food and livelihood security of displacement affected households in Kachin and Northern Shan states of Myanmar
The project will support 1642 extremely food insecure households constituting 8,210 individuals with Unconditional Cash Transfer (UCT) assistance, which will be combined with nutrition and food hygiene messaging to influence the use of the cash disbursed. DRC will also support 332 food insecure displaced households, constituting 1,660 individuals, through essential complimentary activities including aquaculture asset creation, provision of crop and fish production inputs and tailored training in production, market and healthy harvest and nutrition concepts. **
Purpose 1: Immediate food and nutrition security needs among targeted households are addressed
Sub purpose 1.1: Improved access to minimum monthly food requirements and nutrition awareness among targeted households
Output 1.1.1: Targeted vulnerable households are provided with unconditional cash transfers (UCT)
Output 1.1.2 : Nutrition awareness is provided among targeted households in Kachin and NSS
Purpose 2: Increased access to food and livelihood options among Kachin and NSS vulnerable households as a result of support in food crop and aquaculture productivity and marketing
Sub purpose 1.2 : Enhanced capacity and ability to cope with future shocks that affect vulnerable household food security, through asset creation
Output 1.2.1 : Vulnerable households are provided with conditional cash transfers for aquaculture asset creation
Output 1.2.2: Aquaculture productive assets are established through community participation
Sub purpose 1.3: Sustainably improved food security and livelihoods through increased crop and livestock productivity and marketing
Output 1.3.1: Targeted men and women are provided with food crop and aquaculture livestock production inputs (seed, tools, fish feed etc)
Output 1.3.2: Targeted men and women are trained in improved production and post-harvest techniques,
Output 1.3.3: Targeted men and women are trained in value chain and marketing concepts
3. Objective of the Evaluation
The evaluation will aim to obtain an independent review of the livelihood program in Kachin and Northern Shan states, based on the objectives of the evaluation that include:
To establish whether the objective of programme was relevant and appropriate based on the needs of the target population and context of the target areas
To establish whether the actions to achieve the outputs and purpose were effective and efficient
To establish the impact made by the livelihoods programme with respect to improving the food and livelihood security of displacement affected households in Kachin and Northern Shan states of Myanmar
To assess the degree of gender and protection mainstreaming and how beneficiary feedback was utilized to effectively deliver assistance.
To identify best practices and lessons learned during the 2 years of implementation of the livelihoods programme
Overall, the final evaluation will provide information on qualitative project indicators such as FCS, HHS, rCSI and access to minimum food needs, but also will highlight overall impact of the project components. The evaluation will provide information that is credible and useful, enabling the incorporation of lessons learned into the decision-making process of both programmes, senior management, local partners and USAID/FFP.
3.1 Scope of Evaluation and Evaluation Questions
The evaluation’s scope and approach will be influenced by 1) the Terms of Reference (ToR) for the evaluation to be developed by DRC and 2) USAID/FFP’s evaluation requirements (USAID APS 2020).**
· Do the program activities and goals meet the needs and priorities at the local community level?
· How has the project design explicitly integrated protection concerns specific to subgroups – men, women, boys, girls, including gender perspectives and vulnerable sub-groups?
· To what extent has the project achieved its intended purpose?
· Has there been unintended consequences, positive or negative? If yes, how have different sub-groups been affected (age, gender or diversity sub-groups)?
· Which results or early impact can be identified with respect to improving the food and livelihood security of displacement affected households?
· To what extent has the program improved the food and livelihood security of displacement affected households in such a way that it lasts after program completion?
· To what extent do linkages and coordination with other actors (local/national/international) help support the sustainability?
The external evaluator (consultant) will be expected to conduct a document review to familiarize with the programme by pre reading various documentation of which some of them include:
· Organizational documents: DRC/DDG strategic plan, DRC/DDG livelihood strategy, DRC/DDG, USAID/FFP guidelines regarding evaluations, etc
· Project documents: proposal, progress reports, monitoring reports, relevant monitoring reports, indicator performance tracker (IPT), etc
3.2 Evaluation Methodology
The evaluation will be based on desk review, quantitative and qualitative data from primary and secondary sources through desk study, household surveys, interviews, observations and focus groups. This mixed-method approach will be done to maximize validity and reliability. The final decision on specific methods to use will be made by the consultant in close coordination with the evaluation committee. The MEAL and livelihood managers/leads will work together with the consultant to develop appropriate questionnaires that would address the evaluation questions.
Qualitative data will be collected through observations, semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. The focus groups will consist of 4-8 persons and will be age-sex-segregated to the extent possible to enable differentiated perspectives. Furthermore, FGDs will be divided by activity/component – so that persons who have received unconditional cash grants are in separate focus groups from people who have received agricultural training. Interviews will be conducted with camp/village leaders, DRC staff, local partner CSO representatives, USAID/FFP representatives, Food Security Working group representatives as well as any other stakeholder involved in the programme who will be in a position to provide in-depth feedback about the programme implementation and impact. Observations will be conducted in the community to assess whether aquaculture assets are being managed effectively, proper agricultural techniques are being employed by target population, local partners are effectively implementing food, nutrition and livelihoods security activities, etc
Quantitative data will be gathered through household survey among the project beneficiaries. For the household survey, stratified sampling will be used to select the number of households to be assessed. This methodology is used when representatives from each sub-group within the population need to be represented in the sample. For example, camp/village population or GCA/NGCA population can be suggested to the consultant. A confidence level of 95% and a margin error of 5% will be used to determine the sample size of the entire target population. The Cochran formula will be suggested for consultant to use as follows:
· e is the desired level of precision (i.e. the margin of error),
· p is the (estimated) proportion of the population which has the attribute in question (0.5)
· q is 1 – p.
Sample size of the strata
Sample size of the strata = size of entire sample / target population size * layer size
DRC will propose the use of Mobile data collection to ease the process of data collection and data quality check. The data collected will be uploaded on Kobo platform every day and the consultant will be able to check and make any corrections, if necessary, on daily basis. Data will be analysed by the consultant using SPSS or any other suggested software. Some key test such as Chi-square test, Pearson correlation test and Student T test to see differences and correlation between population categories for better analysis will be undertaken, if necessary.
The Consultant will be expected to:
· Develop and refine the evaluation work plan and methodology based on feedback from DRC evaluation management committee. This will be in form of an inception report
· Develop any relevant tools taking into account the scope of the review.
· Indicate local human resource and logistics requirements 2 weeks in advance of fieldwork
· Provide debriefing to the project team.
· Present key findings and recommendations at an evaluation meeting
· Prepare and submit the draft and final Evaluation report (max 20 pages following format that will be provided, not including appendices)**
· Ensure that the report answers directly to the Key Evaluations Questions in the Terms of Reference
· Take ethical considerations into account with respect to the evaluation process, for instance, in regard to cultural sensitivity, the protection of the informant and the use and sharing of evaluation findings.
4.1 Lines of Communication
· The consultant will report directly to the Country MEAL Manager or other person he has assigned for overall deliverables. At field level, the consultant will work in close collaboration with the project Managers and MEAL focal points.**
4.2 Time Frame
· The proposed timeframe of the final evaluation will be from 1 February to 31 March 2022. To complete inception report by 10th February, start the field work by 15th February and submission of draft report by 15th March and final report by 31st March 2022.
5.Minimum qualifications for the evaluation consultant:**
· The consultant (or consulting firm) must hold at least a master’s degree in social sciences, community/rural development, education, or related disciplines and have extensive experience of protection and livelihoods programming in community and camp set up.**
· He/she must have proven experience of not less than 10 years in project evaluations or surveys of donor funded livelihood and protection programmes. Experience in evaluating agricultural training outcomes, in-kind/cash/voucher assistance for livelihoods and coordination with local partners will be an added advantage.
· Fluent written and spoken English. Understanding of languages used in Kachin and Northern Shan states will be an added advantage (Myanmar consultants or partnerships with Myanmar consultants will be preferred)
· Strong analytical, facilitation and writing skills.
· Familiarity with the Kachin and Northern Shan states context will be an added advantage.
· The consultant will propose the total cost within their Technical and Financial Expression of Interest (EOI). The consultant should provide complete financial proposal as indicated below.**
7. Documentation and information required
· Interested consultancy firm or individual should send a technical and financial proposal including cover letter, CV with relevant experience and background similar to this assignment. The technical proposal should contain the following information: – Detailed workplan – Description of the approach and methodology applied – Detailed budget indicating consultant fee per day, all costs included – Also provide a weblink to two examples of studies/reports like this assignment – Three references, of which one should be related to the work. DRC reserves the right not to accept any of the tenders submitted. In addition, DRC reserves the right to take references on the proposed candidate.
8.2 Final date of Submission:
· The application, including all required information, is to be submitted by email to rfq.mmr@drc-ngo at the latest on 15th January 2022
 Myanmar Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), UN and HCT, January – December 2019
 OCHA Myanmar, Humanitarian Update n8, 24 June 2021
How to apply:
Please download full RFQ package on: http://themimu.info/jobs-for-internationals
You must submit your full RFQ package by email to the following dedicated, secure & controlled email address: to firstname.lastname@example.org, please download full RFQ package at provided link.
THE RFQ BID FORM CANNOT BE EMAILED TO ANY OTHER DRC EMAIL ADDRESS. Any Bids not received on the official DRC Bid Form, or in a sealed envelope may be disqualified for non-compliance with these RFQ Instructions.